Zenith Carburetor Adjustment

We are The Worlds Sole Manufacturer of Genuine Zenith, Stromberg and Solex Carburettors and Spares. Just a little background information on how these videos are created. Tractor Models – D17, H-300, 170; Zenith Carburetor. # 386-310, KT203. I get the highest smoothest idle with the idle adjusting screw 7/8 turn out on a warm engine. The piston creates a vacuum (pressure less than atmospheric pressure) by moving downward. Zenith 63M 263M Marine Rebuild Manual - Mikes Carburetor Parts This idle identifies the Zenith 2fi3M Series carburetor, is the ly departure the regulEr Series. He says their carburetor also makes the gas-fueled tractors more attractive to collectors. jet for the acc. Basic Tuneup, and Adjustment of the Solex 34 PICT/3 Carburetor. When I visit the Zenith Fuel Systems website and look at the model 1408 side draft carburetor (what we use), type 13262 is our particular unit. K5, F20 & F30 With Zenith Carb No. Zenith Carburetor Identification. Ships from Kalamazoo MI. New Zenith Carburetor VN VNN New Zenith Carburetor VN VNN Replacemnt Zenith carburetor. Zenith carburetor 7 Answers. After checking the needle and seat and float where all correct I ended up flipping the top of the carb upside down. He employs the tractor to adjust newly rebuilt carburetors prior to sending. What do I do?. xx Float Valve does not seat properly due to dirt, rust or material failure. I found by engine performance and mixture adjustments only (no analyzer) that the air maze restricts flow. Here’s how to adjust these Zenith model 33 carburetors: If your shop’s ambient temperature is 70° simply open the choke plate 1/32″ so it is just off the choke bore. Shop restoration car parts and accessories at Ecklers. As a result the engine is hard to start, runs poorly, fouls plugs and emits smoke. The Carburetor Doctor has a full line of Carter carburetor rebuild kits, floats, choke thermostats, parts and service manuals for 1, 2 and 4 barrels from 1927 to today. Then take it to the field and put it to work. So run the engine until it is warm, then adjust the idle screw until the idle speed sounds about right. Tractor Models – D17, H-300, 170; Zenith Carburetor. Could this be one of the reasons the car backfired and bent the throttle plate?. Part # 0000715771. Zenith Float Valves To adjust the fuel level, the recommended method. For a new or rebuilt carb, I use the following bench adjustments to start: 1 —Turn the IDLE SPEED screw all the way out and then turn it in slowly until it just makes contact with the pin and the throttle plate is fully closed. Step 1 Identify the two-fuel adjustment screws on the side of the metal carburetor. This can be removed from old carburetor or plugged. Socket Head Screws, For Keihin Carb Float Bowl with Wrench. After checking the needle and seat and float where all correct I ended up flipping the top of the carb upside down. Reassemble, using new parts where pos-sible. carburetor - zenith. Zenith Model 87 Carburetor Manual. Massey Ferguson 135 Carburetor (3-Cylinder Perkins) -- 517099M91, 13338. This is what I found on another site about Zenith Carbs used on VW's, but didn't include the 1/2 VW. Zenith 32 Carburetor; Zenith 32 Carburetor. A standard model of a Zenith carburetor is shown in Figure 2. Zenith Model 87 Carburetor Manual. Before you start adjusting your carburetor, remember that no matter how well-tuned it is, it will not make up for bad ignition, wrong spark plugs or incorrectly adjusted engine timing. Check that the choke is fully shut and that the fast-idle stop screw is clear of the choke linkage. That should do it. I inherited a 61 Nash Metropolitan and had the 1bbl Zenith carb rebuilt. Item(s) added to Cart! View. I am baffled by the entry point of the gas line as well as t. Zenith 3540 carburetor adjustment Zenith 3540 carburetor adjustment by Mercedes Classics with Pierre Hedary 7 months ago 15 minutes 3,280 views This video is about , Zenith , 3540 , carburetor adjustment , Every Tuesday and Saturday, we strive to provide you the best in the. The variable choke (Venturi) allo~s an increase or decrease in choke. If not 70° loosen the three plate screws to open the choke plate 1/32″. Also replaces numbers 405530R91, 534475R92, 67836JC92, 678478C91, 65486C93. 104-Zenith Carburetor Division, Detroit, Michigan, 1948-1950. It's adjusting and tuning them when they're put back on the engine that is difficult!. pdf: 31/01/20: ZENITH TV MX474C chassis ZENITH+H13A02+MX474C. What do I do?. It is designed to be used with the R-57 vacuum idler. Zenith Carburetor (later the Fuel Devices Division of Bendix Corporation) was an American manufacturer of gasoline engine management systems and components, chiefly carburetors and filters. It consists of three jets namely, main jet, compensating jet and idling jet. com Parts Hotline: 877-260-3528 VENDOR: New Holland SECTION: no description DIAGRAM: (056) - zenith carburetor, wisconsin vh4d engine. x Float is set too high or a pin hole absorbs gasoline into float. Zenith Carburetor Rebuild Kits, Zenith Carburetor Parts, Zenith Carburetors, Zenith Accessories & Tools available from a wide range of online sources collected all in one spot. For a new or rebuilt carb, I use the following bench adjustments to start: 1 —Turn the IDLE SPEED screw all the way out and then turn it in slowly until it just makes contact with the pin and the throttle plate is fully closed. wisconsin engine, zenith carb - posted in David Bradley Tractor Forum: Ok, so I go to the barn and take the cover off the tri-trac. SERVICING THE MODEL A FORD ZENITH CARBURETOR Remove all threaded parts, clean castings and blow out air passages. Parts List. Carburetor floods; Engine starves for fuel at high speed (leans out) Check inlet needle and seat for condition and. 5 Zenith carburetor: Some service parts for Series 1408, part # 13262 still available but not included in service kit: C54-39-2-27 idle jet tube assembly C63-254 vent tube C66-133 discharge jet C85-129 float C3-132 fuel bowl C29-1593 throttle shaft assembly C21-219 throttle plate C108-294 choke shaft and lever assembly C102-139 choke plate C71-105-34 jet adjustment assembly Overhaul. zenith carburetor,40 mm stand finish,spigot mount,adjustable main jet,dual cable 0-15110: 318. click on a link below for kits and other parts listed by carburetor number. 61610890201. Cross Reference 366-250, 071-116 **Bypass valve kit 64-014A not included**. down out of the damper body) it will disengage from the adjusting screw, and you cannot adjust it back up. The load compensation adjustment is especially useful for cold weather operation. Reluctant to start messing with adjustment knobs. Hope this helps. Zenith Electronic LLC created Pro:Idiom, an encryption technology widely used in the hospitality industry for the delivery of digital television signals. Zenith carb kits $40 +- On that model, I dont know which of the 2 scews does which, but a common place to start on Zeniths, is 2 turns out from bottomed, and adjust. For the Zenith replacement carb, adjusting screws are in similar locations. Using and i. This site is not affiliated with Zenith Corporation. 95 Add to cart. Download Ebook Zenith Stromberg Carburetor Manual choke mechanism so mysterious and widely despised by many owners of later The Zenith Stromberg Water Choke Zenith-Stromberg Carburetor Original equipment on classic cars such as Jaguar, Saab, Volvo, and others, the Zenith-Stromberg is a variable-venturi side draft carburetor. WC, D10, D12w/ Zenith Carb #s: 10902, 10903, 12401 ACR0083 $38. or Best Offer. We have carburetor parts for Carter automotive, marine, industrial and agricultural applications. Replaces Briggs and Stratton part numbers 498170 and 799868. Also replaces numbers 405530R91, 534475R92, 67836JC92, 678478C91, 65486C93. 030 : Stock# FL2258 main metering jet 0. My previous carburetor adventures with Cork Groth of the Tractor Trauma Center have led me to the point of mounting the newly rebuilt apparatus on the engine, hooking up the linkage and gas line, and giving it a try. technology development and licensing company. Try our Zenith Replacement Carburetor Cross Reference to determine which Zenith replacement carburetor is the right fit for your application by equipment, engine or original carburetor. Company: Same day shipping on all in stock parts orders. 130, 140, 200, 230, 240, also replaces carter& marvel schebler carburetors let me know if you need the choke set up for a cable. I decided to take the carb off and clean it, IT WAS FILTHY, did not change anything but just cleaned it and put. The throttle body throat size measures 1-1/8. Select to compare. Carburetor kit for all Zenith/Bendix carburetors on the Gravely Model L, C and Super Convertible. io THE PURPOSE OF THIS MESSAGE, the typical CCKB carburetor has the main mixture adjustment on the bottom of the bowl, a less than convenient location. Stromberg created a fix for this problem requiring plugging the lower vent position and re-locating the vent opening it the upper carb casting which raises the vent position approximately ½” higher than original. Ford: spark plug. More on Zenith-Stromberg Carburetors The first step in dealing with carburetors is ensuring that the engine and ignition system are in good order. This site is not affiliated with Zenith Corporation. A note of caution - if the carb is of the adjustable type, and you adjust the needle to far lean (i. jet for the acc. 99 in our huge selection of parts. The only adjustment that usually is necessary is to make sure the engine stays running while idling and that the trimmer head does not rotate. I pulled apart the Zenith thermostat mounted vaporizer. The only hookups on this truck to the carb is the throttle, gas line, and I guess the pcv valve is the big hose. Ford: spark plug. New original and quality aftermarket parts in stock with discounted price from an established supplier. Tachometer Tuning a Bendix carburetor is a job you can complete in just a few minutes. Before you start adjusting your carburetor, remember that no matter how well-tuned it is, it will not make up for bad ignition, wrong spark plugs or incorrectly adjusted engine timing. Zenith Fuel Systems Standard Finish 40mm High-Performance Bendix Carb w/Adjustable Main Jet - 014130/CARB Part #: H16113 Mfg Part #: 014130/CARB Limited Time - 10% Off. Tyler(WA): I have a MF 135 gasoline perkins engine with a bad bendix zenith carburetor. It ran fine for about a week until I couldn't keep it running without having to choke it just to keep it from dieing. The size and type of a Stromberg are given by numbers and letters. ZENITH CARBURETOR ADJUSTING NEEDLE HOUSING ASSY. Adjust the main jet till it runs well at higher rpm. Reassemble, using new parts where pos-sible. 104-Zenith Carburetor Division, Detroit, Michigan, 1948-1950. A carburetor works via the pressure differential in the cylinder bore and the atmosphere. The basic syncing process also applies to Zenith-Stromberg's, but the adjustment mechanisms are different. Should I rebuild it with a complete rebuild kit, or spend the money on a new one. 99 in our huge selection of parts. It's only about 2 turns from full rich to full lean. Carburetor Adjustment Tools These Tools will work on many of the following brands: Sears, Craftsman, Echo, Homelite, Husqvarna, Poulan, Ryobi, Toro, Weedeater, and anything else that utilizes these kinds of adjustment screws. Add to Wish List. The pump in my 1971 911E is an inexpensive inline pump. All of the pages have been added as of 1/22/00. Here's a copy of the Ford drawing explaining the numbering of the cabs (thanks to Vince Falter). UF30070 New Carburetor---Replaces C0NN9510G Replaces part numbers TSX813, C0NN9510C, 13875 and C0NN9510G. The Bendix carburetor has two adjustment needles on the top of the carburetor. OK, now I am ready to adjust the high speed adjusting screw which is now set at 3 1/2 turns out and Zenith says 4 out is the starting point. 034 : Stock# FL463 IH carburetor gasket: Stock# FL405 IH or Zenith carburetor stud: Stock# FL522 IH or Zenith carburetor choke lever. Whether updraft, downdraft, or sidedraft, Zenith has the right carburetor to keep your machine performing at its peak. Gravely Model L - Carburetor Kit for Aluminum and Cast Iron with Carburetor Float (13796, 13797, 13798, 13720, C85-103) Our Price: $43. I recently downloaded a 13 page 'plain English" Zenith 28 series service manual for $5. Mine are a pair 175 CD-2 from a Lotus Elan and despite an excellent supplier here in the UK. Voltage: 12 Volts. com or call 928 204-0507. The Carburetor Doctor has a full line of Carter carburetor rebuild kits, floats, choke thermostats, parts and service manuals for 1, 2 and 4 barrels from 1927 to today. Clean and clear passages. Using and i. The CV carburetor may show signs of needing to be tuned. It is a very important component of the engine which makes it to move initially. Everytime I hit a bump in the field too hard it results in 45 minutes of carb tinkering to get it to run properly. The float adjustment does not seem to make any difference. Just a little background information on how these videos are created. Several systems of slow-running adjustment have been applied to the Zenith Carburetter since its inception, but we give below the latest methods that have been in use since 1914. If not 70° loosen the three plate screws to open the choke plate 1/32″. The problem is the truck will not start. The pump in my 1971 911E is an inexpensive inline pump. How to adjust a zenith carburetor How to adjust a zenith carburetor. Today, the company is known as Zenith Fuel Systems LLC, with headquarters and a modern manufacturing facility in Bristol. The high speed jet adjustment is accomplished by turning the T-screw on the bottom right of the carburetor, as you noted. Please use our vehicle and product searches below to find the correct application for your specification or have a look around our web store to find a range of other accessories to fill your needs!. 527 Austin 10 (Cast Iron Head) late 1936 – Carb Type 30VE1 C. It was founded in Detroit, Michigan in 1911 as a subsidiary of the French Société du carburateur Zénith. The float valve in a Zenith carburetor controls the fuel level in the reservoir. Adjust, clean or replace. Zenith Carburetor Rebuild Kits, Zenith Carburetor Parts, Zenith Carburetors, Zenith Accessories & Tools available from a wide range of online sources collected all in one spot. I was hoping there was some simple screw adjustment on this carburetor I had not found. Replace needle or needle jet. Offered for sale is this Caterpillar 5F1347 pony motor carburetor. Service Instructions for Marvel-Schebler and Zenith carburetors Author: Marvel-Schebler & Zenith Subject: Carburetor repair Keywords: Marvel-Schebler Zenith carburetor "fuel system" service "trouble shooting" Created Date: 2/18/2012 8:52:05 AM. I cannot seem to stop this Zenith carb from continuous leaking of fuel. Reluctant to start messing with adjustment knobs. 698 Austin 10 Sports 1933 to 36 – Carb Type 30VE1 C. 00 CARBURETOR BOWL BOLT AND LOCK WASHER - Zinc plated, 3/8-24 x 3 3/16 bolt with a 1/4" thick head holds the bowl to the upper half of the Zenith carburetor. has adapted a Kohler carb with a top adjustment main jet, but there were linkage issues to address. I pulled apart the Zenith thermostat mounted vaporizer. The Ford book reccomends 2 1/2 turns rich then lean it out. Zenith 28/228 Carburetor Adjustments Idle Mixture Turn idle adjusting needle in lightly against its seat, then back out needle l 1/2 turns as a preliminary adjustment. The disassembly of a Zenith carburetor should be approached very carefully because this is where many are destroyed beyond repair. The basic syncing process also applies to Zenith-Stromberg's, but the adjustment mechanisms are different. I recently downloaded a 13 page 'plain English" Zenith 28 series service manual for $5. Use both the step cam and the dot on the choke relative to the ridges on the carb body as your guides for positioning the choke and if you get really good at it, you can tweak the adjustment a tad even when the choke is warm so that for the next cold startup, your choke will be set perfectly. Zenith Carburetor Identification and part numbers. It had the original Rochester carb on it (40 years old might I add). b, c, super c, super a, u2. It's adjusting and tuning them when they're put back on the engine that is difficult!. Click for larger images. I have had this tractor since 96 and has been tuned 3 months ago. x Gaskets are not sealing properly. Zenith Carburetor Rebuild Kits, Zenith Carburetor Parts, Zenith Carburetors, Zenith Accessories & Tools available from a wide range of online sources collected all in one spot. Center to center on the 2 mounting bolts is 2 11\16 inches. Later Tillotson made an after-market replacement carburetor for the Model A (Cast aluminum. Try our Zenith Replacement Carburetor Cross Reference to determine which Zenith replacement carburetor is the right fit for your application by equipment, engine or original carburetor. The carb on these engines sits directly above the exhaust, and a petrol leak is seriously bad news. Application: Zenith Carburetors. Turn the engine off and rotate the fuel adjusting needle fully clockwise until it's finger tight. Quantity : Add to cart. From the left you have the GAV (gas adjustment valve) and needle, power jet, compensator jet, cap jet, main jet, idle jet, venturi, idle air adjustment screw, float, and float valve. The classic symptom of the warped-body problem is an inability to adjust a rich idle mixture using the mixture adjust screw on the side of the carburetor base. 3566 or by e-mail at [email protected] Now I think it's a touch lean as the exhaust is popping a little on over-run. My 026 pro has the single adjustment screw on the carburetor. Diagram # 061 (0) $2. NOT for a Continental TM27 Motor. Tighten jets. Carburetor has 40 mm bore with Adjustable main jet Dual cable Throttle. The only hookups on this truck to the carb is the throttle, gas line, and I guess the pcv valve is the big hose. We do automotive, Truck, and Marine carburetors with auto. I have installed a new float and new needle valve and it still leaks fuel. The Zenith 28 and 22S Series carburetors are downdraft units incorporating both primary and secondary venturi. Start the engine and go from there. Otherwise,. Zenith Carburetor Numbering. New original and quality aftermarket parts in stock with discounted price from an established supplier. SERVICING THE MODEL A FORD ZENITH CARBURETOR Remove all threaded parts, clean castings and blow out air passages. Idle Mixture. If this happens, just gently push the needle back while turning the adjusting screw clockwise (rich). Part # 0000715771. Zenith Carburetor (Baverey's System) 13th Edition April 1923 This is a transcript of the Zenith-Detroit Company's handbook of "Instructions for Operating & Adjusting" for Zenith carb's in use in the 1920's. Offered for sale is this Caterpillar 5F1347 pony motor carburetor. Later Tillotson made an after-market replacement carburetor for the Model A (Cast aluminum. My 026 pro has the single adjustment screw on the carburetor. The SF Engine Man Ray Bohacz features a modern tool that can help adjust the carburetor on antique tractors. NOTE: Do NOT attempt to adjust the carburetor on a moving tractor. Carburetor Adjustment Tools These Tools will work on many of the following brands: Sears, Craftsman, Echo, Homelite, Husqvarna, Poulan, Ryobi, Toro, Weedeater, and anything else that utilizes these kinds of adjustment screws. Service Instructions for Marvel-Schebler and Zenith carburetors Author: Marvel-Schebler & Zenith Subject: Carburetor repair Keywords: Marvel-Schebler Zenith carburetor "fuel system" service "trouble shooting" Created Date: 2/18/2012 8:52:05 AM. Carb Fuel And Air. It seems to be coming out the choke flow into the venture air intake, allowing the tractor to run for only a few minutes or seconds. That carburetor has an engineering drawing from Zenith that is titled "Replacement -Model A". Zenith 63M 263M Marine Rebuild Manual - Mikes Carburetor Parts This idle identifies the Zenith 2fi3M Series carburetor, is the ly departure the regulEr Series. 130, 140, 200, 230, 240, also replaces carter& marvel schebler carburetors let me know if you need the choke set up for a cable. 00: ea: 00511 zenith model 1,2,3 carb kit 1928-31 repair kit: 59. com: Rush City, MN: 11/27/2019: Zenith Standard Finish 40mm High-Perf Bendix Carb - 014130/CARB (no ship to CA) $731. For the Zenith or Tillotson carburetor. The Y200 Zenith 28 style replaces 1 barrel downdraft carburetors on 200 – 300 CID 6 cylinder applications. on the 40 mm zenith there is a smale hole in the bowl that goes into the acc. Products [35] Screw Idle Adjustment. NOT for a Continental TM27 Motor. 5) Adjust the float level gauge legs so that they will rest on the carb and will not touch the floats. My 026 pro has the single adjustment screw on the carburetor. Carburetor floods; Engine starves for fuel at high speed (leans out) Check inlet needle and seat for condition and. Here's a copy of the Ford drawing explaining the numbering of the cabs (thanks to Vince Falter). Refer to Section 3. There are subtle differences both by year of manufacture, and by company. Welcome to Zenith. ZENITH CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENT Turn idle adjusting needle in lightly against its seat, then back out needle l 1/2 turns as a preliminary adjustment. The Zenith Carburetor Adjustments part 1 of 2 The Stromberg CD carburettor, like the SU (See Adjusting an SU carburettor), is a constant-depression carburettor, hence the CD. If every carb were identical, there would be no need for adjustments. My previous carburetor adventures with Cork Groth of the Tractor Trauma Center have led me to the point of mounting the newly rebuilt apparatus on the engine, hooking up the linkage and gas line, and giving it a try. Check-out the wide selection and discount prices. com (800) 932-2858. Replaces Briggs and Stratton part numbers 498170 and 799868. description zenith carburetor 2-1/4" bolt pattern 1" bore fits allis chalmers models b. To get your classic bike running just right, the carb needs the proper mix of fuel and air. I pulled apart the Zenith thermostat mounted vaporizer. We service any CD175 Zenith Stromberg Carburetor Sets from any vehicle, but you must sent us your carbs to be refurbished. NOTE: Do NOT attempt to adjust the carburetor on a moving tractor. Shop restoration car parts and accessories at Ecklers. Order Model A Ford Zenith Carburetor Adjustment Needle Driver - Cadmium Plated for $10. plus fuel and air adjusting screws and jets when available) B, C (pn ACEC-R0082) Zenith (8561. Fuel pumps for a Zenith carburetor: Noticed that the pump for a zenith carburetor on the website is very expensive. 375, tighten screw against reed. They have the Zenith carbs listed by group numbers as well as many other carb manufacturer's kits and literature. Zenith 3 Carburetor Castings. Don't put too much force on it, or it may break. add to cart. A low-speed circuit adjustment to the carburetor can be made in minimal time. That is what Mike Riley has accomplished with the Carburetor Shop, Inc. Adjust float tab for correct fuel level. The first thing I usually do with a newly acquired Zenith is to separate the upper and lower castings and place them in a one pound coffee can full of lacquer thinner and let it sit over night. lightguru. Zenith Model 87 Carburetor Manual. That should do it. On older Zenith carburetors for the Ford Model A one can raise or lower the gas level in the bowl and some jets by adding and subtracting washers under the valve. Please report any errors via email, even the little ones!. On Stromberg carburetors adjust cold by turning the idle fuel adjustment screws (D) all the way in and then backing out 5/8 of a turn. Part of the A9590MT and A9595MZ rebuild kits. The piston creates a vacuum (pressure less than atmospheric pressure) by moving downward. Zenith carburetor 7 Answers. USA - OEM Zenith load/main adjustment needle fits most 61/161/68 carburetors and also Stromberg OH 5/8 Related Products R10132 John Deere DLTX 85 98 carburetor main jet jet. Zenith 3 Carburetor Castings. stick hose in water if bubbles. 356 Carburetor Rescue LLC, 285 Morgan Road, Sedona, Arizona 86336 Call Jim or Candace at 928 204-0507 for pricing information on our products and services and to place an order If you have problems with this website, contact Candace at [email protected] Does not fit air cleaners with wing nut retainers. 23 68 67 56 55 22 V-23 24 eoe 21 e 45 e 0 44 24. Because of design differences, all engines move different amounts of air even if they are the same size. 18), and by adjustment of the slow-running tube (Figs. 50 S-12875-A This unit is the latest carburator from Zenith and it is the industry standard for the Continental F-162/163 engines. the small side pointing screw is the idle air screw. Zenith Fuel Systems Standard Finish 40mm High-Performance Bendix Carb w/Adjustable Main Jet - 014130/CARB Part #: H16113 Mfg Part #: 014130/CARB Limited Time - 10% Off. Shift Linkage Adjustment Seal Tool Operator's Manual Shop Manual Parts Manual General Specifications Zenith Carburetor Zenith Carb Adjustments Reverse Gear Installation Revised Timing Instructions Rototiller Identification Rototiller Engine Specs 2 stroke oil article More 2 stroke oil Rototiller Model 2 Parts & Instructions Manual ModelsT-2-3. Adjust float tab for correct fuel level. Zenith Fuel Systems 13731 Bendix Carburetor Zenith Carb Kits: $610. Zenith Carb on klc; Welcome to the MarineEngine. This part can be ordered through your ZENITH Carburetor Dealer. Anyway, I bought a new Edlebrock carb and put it on it. rar: 19682 kB: 1: ZENITH: Zenith R45W47: Zenith P42W34. Zenith carburetor numbers typically appear on a round disk riveted to the top of the carburetor. Got any hints for this old dog to try?. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Zenith 24T-2 Carb Air Adjusting Screw & Spring 09845/09846 Original New Stock at the best online prices at eBay! Free delivery for many products!. com (800) 932-2858. I inherited a 61 Nash Metropolitan and had the 1bbl Zenith carb rebuilt. Jump to Latest Follow 1 - 3 of 3 Posts. It seems to be coming out the choke flow into the venture air intake, allowing the tractor to run for only a few minutes or seconds. orifices are located. Replaces 377234R94. Buy MACs Auto Parts 28-24879 Model A Ford Zenith Carburetor Adjustment Needle Driver - Cadmium Plated at Walmart. Profile Page. For F666 used on C-291 engine, replaces 65486C93. Zenith Model 87 Carburetor Manual. It wasn't idling right so I attempted to adjust it by ear. What do I do?. For a new or rebuilt carb, I use the following bench adjustments to start: 1 —Turn the IDLE SPEED screw all the way out and then turn it in slowly until it just makes contact with the pin and the throttle plate is fully closed. Refer to Section 3. The choke air horn (air inlet) measures 2-5/16 OD. Top Rated Seller Top Rated Seller. Reluctant to start messing with adjustment knobs. Home of the world famous live testing of carburetors with videos provided. I pulled apart the Zenith thermostat mounted vaporizer. This site is not affiliated with Zenith Corporation. Part of the #A9590MT and #A9595MZ rebuild kits. Zenith Gas Carburetor for John Deere 3010 4010 3020 4020 AR28635 PopScreen - Video Search, Bookmarking and Discovery Engine Item discovered at ebay. I was hoping there was some simple screw adjustment on this carburetor I had not found. That’s the drain plug at the very bottom of the picture. I can machine new venturis for the Stromberg & Zenith carbs as well. ZENITH CARBURETOR ADJUSTMENT Turn idle adjusting needle in lightly against its seat, then back out needle l 1/2 turns as a preliminary adjustment. On older Zenith carburetors for the Ford Model A one can raise or lower the gas level in the bowl and some jets by adding and subtracting washers under the valve. I-Joy Carburetor Carb Rebuild Set Repair Kit W/Float Fits Wisconsin Zenith Engine VHD TJD VH4D AHH 14019 14020 12775 Replaces LQ39 CLE 100% New 4. # 386-310, KT203. Then I use the thro. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Zenith 24T-2 Carb Air Adjusting Screw & Spring 09845/09846 Original New Stock at the best online prices at eBay! Free delivery for many products!. Add to Wish List. Don't put too much force on it, or it may break. If unable to find the low adjustment point where the idle slows, simply set the screw at 1-3/4 turns out and proceed to the next step. There are subtle differences both by year of manufacture, and by company. 104-Zenith Carburetor Division, Detroit, Michigan, 1948-1950. With throttle held in closed position, turn throttle stop screw in until stop screw just contacts throttle stop and then turn stop screw in 1 1/2 additional turns. If you car (TR250, TR6, TR7, TR8) has two carburetors you will need two kits. Offered for sale is this Caterpillar 5F1347 pony motor carburetor. jet for the acc. I recently downloaded a 13 page 'plain English" Zenith 28 series service manual for $5. Zenith Carburetor Rebuild Kits, Zenith Carburetor Parts, Zenith Carburetors, Zenith Accessories & Tools available from a wide range of online sources collected all in one spot. Everytime I hit a bump in the field too hard it results in 45 minutes of carb tinkering to get it to run properly. net NEW Troubleshooting guidelines. 1835 cc--- Use Model 1819 1915 cc--- Use Model 1819 2180 cc --- Use Model 2122. I have a MF 135 gasoline perkins engine with a bad bendix zenith carburetor. com or call 928 204-0507. But it took some doing to get to that point. Senior Member Joined: 11-March-2007 Location: London, Ontario Status: Offline Points: 331 Topic: Carburetor Adjustment for 302. It seems to be coming out the choke flow into the venture air intake, allowing the tractor to run for only a few minutes or seconds. The Zenith 1 carburetor was made by Zenith, Zenith 2 made by Holley, and Zenith 3 made by Ford. Reassemble, using new parts where pos-sible. Note: Early engines had two Zenith 30VM-4, later engines 30VM-5 carburettors. The NIKKI was a popular after market Carburetor marketed by BG in the late 60’s & 1970’s. The disassembly of a Zenith carburetor should be approached very carefully because this is where many are destroyed beyond repair. com: Cedar Rapids, IA: 10/27/2019. down out of the damper body) it will disengage from the adjusting screw, and you cannot adjust it back up. · Reinstall the three screws that hold the heat mass, but do not tighten yet. The Carburetor Doctor has a full line of Carter carburetor rebuild kits, floats, choke thermostats, parts and service manuals for 1, 2 and 4 barrels from 1927 to today. The Zenith 28 and 22S Series carburetors are downdraft units incorporating both primary and secondary venturi. The adjustment of the slow running depends on setting the throttle in the correct position to obtain the correct quantity of mixture, and then obtaining the proper quality of mixture by adjustment of the slow-running tube. Diagram # 061 (0) $2. If unable to find the low adjustment point where the idle slows, simply set the screw at 1-3/4 turns out and proceed to the next step. Fits E-Type, XJ6. They have the Zenith carbs listed by group numbers as well as many other carb manufacturer's kits and literature. North American-Page. A carburetor works via the pressure differential in the cylinder bore and the atmosphere. A JD two-barrel does not use a load needle like a single barrel. Most carburetor rebuild kits contain gaskets, needle & seat, float lever pin, throttle shaft, etc. orifices are located. description farmall zenith carburetor zenith 14007 1" bore 1-1/2" air intake 2-3/8" bolt center farmall models a. I now have in production a needle and seat conversion set for the larger Stromberg carbs. If unable to find the low adjustment point where the idle slows, simply set the screw at 1-3/4 turns out and proceed to the next step. The small needle valve screw is the idle mixture screw,and the initial setting is 7/8 turn open from the fully seated or closed position. Speaking of which, can anyone recommend a good source for a good rebuilt carburetor? I too have a 504, it has a zenith carb so perhaps it was replaced at some time? I though they came with a Marvel Schebler TSX-857. Zenith Carb for parts Price: 20. adjustment once set. Whether updraft, downdraft, or sidedraft, Zenith has the right carburetor to keep your machine performing at its peak. The CV carburetor may show signs of needing to be tuned. ! Carb is apart and needs deep cleaning I'm sure someone can rebuild it or use it for parts. Carburetor New, Zenith Replacement …Carburetors are limited to replacement only, no refunds. 1-5/8" outside diameter where air inlet tube/hose attaches. Zenith Carburetor Cross Reference Guide. Check-out the wide selection and discount prices. Case IH Models: W30 with Zenith Carb No. But we did strip down the carb again and give everything a good clean. Part of the #A9590MT and #A9595MZ rebuild kits. As a result the engine is hard to start, runs poorly, fouls plugs and emits smoke. 3566 or by e-mail at [email protected] Should I rebuild it with a complete rebuild kit, or spend the money on a new one. zenith carburetor - new 1928-31: 495. Center to center on the 2 mounting bolts is 2 11\16 inches. This will expose the fast idle set screw behind the choke housing. 61610890201. net NEW Troubleshooting guidelines. Replaces 377234R94. Download Ebook Zenith Stromberg Carburetor Manual choke mechanism so mysterious and widely despised by many owners of later The Zenith Stromberg Water Choke Zenith-Stromberg Carburetor Original equipment on classic cars such as Jaguar, Saab, Volvo, and others, the Zenith-Stromberg is a variable-venturi side draft carburetor. Massey Ferguson 135 Carburetor (3-Cylinder Perkins) -- 517099M91, 13338. has adapted a Kohler carb with a top adjustment main jet, but there were linkage issues to address. Ron LaDow, a well known Zenith carburetor expert, said the following about the Float Valve adjustments in his article titled: "Zenith 32mm NDIX Carburetor Tuning!" "Adjustments are made by changing the washers where the float valve screws into the carb top. Service Instructions for Marvel-Schebler and Zenith carburetors Author: Marvel-Schebler & Zenith Subject: Carburetor repair Keywords: Marvel-Schebler Zenith carburetor "fuel system" service "trouble shooting" Created Date: 2/18/2012 8:52:05 AM. 5 out of 5 by 4. Complete Zenith Carburetor Repair Kit …parts shown in picture above. Carburetor out of adjustment; Engine will not start; Engine overspeeds; Clean carburetor after removing all non-metallic parts that are serviceable. Complete assembly. This is a Stromberg Carburetor Mixture Adjusting Tool for Stromberg Carburetors with a fixed needle. Zenith Carburetor Identification. From the left you have the GAV (gas adjustment valve) and needle, power jet, compensator jet, cap jet, main jet, idle jet, venturi, idle air adjustment screw, float, and float valve. Adjustment will not take long and the small screws may have to be "tweaked" after the engine has warmed up and been running for a few minutes. Gravely Model L - Carburetor Kit for Aluminum and Cast Iron with Carburetor Float (13796, 13797, 13798, 13720, C85-103) Our Price: $43. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Tractor Carburettor Kit Massey Ferguson Zenith 28G Carb Late TEA20 TE20 35 135 at the best online prices at eBay!. 030 : Stock# FL2258 main metering jet 0. Rated 3 out of 5 by Mike from Connecticut from Good quality parts. zenith carburetor,40 mm stand finish,spigot mount,adjustable main jet,dual cable 0-15110: 318. Cross Reference 366-250, 071-116 **Bypass valve kit 64-014A not included**. About this Manual. After checking the needle and seat and float where all correct I ended up flipping the top of the carb upside down. it does have a broken air adjustment screw and a screw above that that can be seen in the second picture. This is a Stromberg Carburetor Mixture Adjusting Tool for Stromberg Carburetors with a fixed needle. The small needle valve screw is the idle mixture screw,and the initial setting is 7/8 turn open from the fully seated or closed position. The upper, pressed in the section of the secondary venturi is sometimes referred to as the discharge nozzle. Zenith Float Valves. My previous carburetor adventures with Cork Groth of the Tractor Trauma Center have led me to the point of mounting the newly rebuilt apparatus on the engine, hooking up the linkage and gas line, and giving it a try. Carburetor, New, John Deere, AR52450, AR34243, AR45162, Marvel Schebler, USX20, Zenith, 13320. The two barrel has a load compensation screw in the center of the bottom stem; the usual setting is 2-3/4 turns out. On older Zenith carburetors for the Ford Model A one can raise or lower the gas level in the bowl and some jets by adding and subtracting washers under the valve. So we are pretty much convinced to go down the fuel/mixture route. The tractor stall on me, aerating , looking in daylight at the sediments bowl and the bottom has rust in it ,I better get the tank treated at Classic gas tanks and clean this carburetor out. The SF Engine Man Ray Bohacz features a modern tool that can help adjust the carburetor on antique tractors. This article shows you how to adjust the air fuel mixture and the idle air speed - the two most common adjustments made when tuning a carburetor. New Zenith 13660BZ Carburetor. I decided to take the carb off and clean it, IT WAS FILTHY, did not change anything but just cleaned it and put. Check-out the wide selection and discount prices. Let warm up, open throttle, and adjust high speed mixture until engine runs its best - back out 1/8 turn. Install linkage A from governor throttle lever to the carburetor lever, adjusting the length of the linkage to hold the Zenith carburetor just slightly off the wide-open stop (up to 1/16”). The Bendix carburetor has two adjustment needles on the top of the carburetor. WC, D10, D12w/ Zenith Carb #s: 10902, 10903, 12401 ACR0083 $38. Add to Cart. Hide Images. Chrome New Zenith Carburetor fits Harley Davidson New Zenith Carburetor, Made in the USA. Massey Ferguson 135 Carburetor (3-Cylinder Perkins) -- 517099M91, 13338. x Gaskets are not sealing properly. Please report any errors via email, even the little ones!. The only adjustment that usually is necessary is to make sure the engine stays running while idling and that the trimmer head does not rotate. That's why the color-tune devise sounds interesting. 95 Model # 15-913 : Plastic Parts Kit, Keihin Carburetor, 79-80 XL, 76-80 FX, FL. There are three adjustments on CD, CDS and CD2S carburettors: a throttle-stop screw, a jet-adjusting screw and a fast-idle stop screw. The key to getting a Stromberg to work smoothly is in knowing how to adjust the idle mixture screw PROPERLY. If so, go through the air screw adjustment one more time. This is what I found on another site about Zenith Carbs used on VW's, but didn't include the 1/2 VW. xx Float Valve does not seat properly due to dirt, rust or material failure. Zenith 68-Series Carburetor - Service Information Author: Unknown Subject: Service & Troubleshooting - Zenith 68-Series Carburetors Keywords: Zenith 68-Series Carburetors Created Date: 5/23/2011 4:26:02 PM. There are three adjustments on the carburetor. Welcome to Zenith. Start the engine and go from there. x Float is set too high or a pin hole absorbs gasoline into float. Check that the choke is fully shut and that the fast-idle stop screw is clear of the choke linkage. His quest for excellence in every carburetor repair or overhaul since 1965 has created a tradition across the USA, with Hot Rodders, as well as anybody else that has a carbureted engine. Zenith Carburetor - $27. No replacement will be given if rust, dirt, etc. The load compensation adjustment is especially useful for cold weather operation. Diagram # 061 (0) $2. Kits are priced per carburetor. Zenith Carb on klc; Welcome to the MarineEngine. From the left you have the GAV (gas adjustment valve) and needle, power jet, compensator jet, cap jet, main jet, idle jet, venturi, idle air adjustment screw, float, and float valve. That nut may need to be loosened slightly to allow you to turn the T-screw which is the jet adjustment. So run the engine until it is warm, then adjust the idle screw until the idle speed sounds about right. assuming this is a marvel schebler tsx 33 or one of the 241 variants and not a zenith then: big downpointng main needle is the fuel needle. Zenith Carburetor Numbering. The drawing of the Zenith / Solex / Pierburg INAT carburetor can be found HERE. If no fix then a rebuild kit for carb. - Larger pics average 44KB. zenith carburetor diagram. The fuel inlet 90 degree hose barb accepts 5/16 hose. So we are pretty much convinced to go down the fuel/mixture route. Zenith 3 Carburetor Castings. Carburetor Mounting, Fuel Lines. Making any carburetor adjustment has become a thing of the past. Many will tell you that a well-rebuilt old Zenith will work just fine, and they are totally correct. There are three adjustments on the carburetor. This is our index of most of the Zenith carburetor numbers for which we have carburetor repair kits. Speaking of which, can anyone recommend a good source for a good rebuilt carburetor? I too have a 504, it has a zenith carb so perhaps it was replaced at some time? I though they came with a Marvel Schebler TSX-857. The SF Engine Man Ray Bohacz features a modern tool that can help adjust the carburetor on antique tractors. How to adjust a zenith carburetor How to adjust a zenith carburetor. Just a little background information on how these videos are created. 5 to 2 turns out from seated, out to enrich, in to lean. io THE PURPOSE OF THIS MESSAGE, the typical CCKB carburetor has the main mixture adjustment on the bottom of the bowl, a less than convenient location. I have a 38 mm bendix, butterfly valve and a zenith 40 mm butterfly vavle, going on a stock 72 flh. 95 Add to cart; Y600 Marvel-Schebler Carburetor for Ford 2N, 8N, 9N Tractor $ 159. If the engine blubbers, turn in the main jet needle in until it clears out. Complete assembly. New Zenith Carburetor VN VNN New Zenith Carburetor VN VNN Replacemnt Zenith carburetor. Zenith 68-Series Carburetor - Service Information Author: Unknown Subject: Service & Troubleshooting - Zenith 68-Series Carburetors Keywords: Zenith 68-Series Carburetors Created Date: 5/23/2011 4:26:02 PM. Most Zenith how to publications recommend that the fuel level should be set at a nominal 5\8" down from where the upper and lower castings come together. The large needle valve screw is the main jet, and the initial setting is 1 1/4 turns open from the fully seated or closed position. Top Rated Seller Top Rated Seller. Stromberg created a fix for this problem requiring plugging the lower vent position and re-locating the vent opening it the upper carb casting which raises the vent position approximately ½” higher than original. loosen screws on each side of regulator. The Zenith-Detroit Corporation, the Holley Carburetor company, and the Ford Motor company. On older Cub tractors, you may need to use 2 ABC543 carb gaskets to clear the butterfly. FOR WISCONSIN MOTOR CORPORATION. Tractor Models – D17, H-300, 170; Zenith Carburetor. Service Instructions for Marvel-Schebler and Zenith carburetors Author: Marvel-Schebler & Zenith Subject: Carburetor repair Keywords: Marvel-Schebler Zenith carburetor "fuel system" service "trouble shooting" Created Date: 2/18/2012 8:52:05 AM. Carburetor has 40 mm bore with Adjustable main jet Dual cable Throttle. Complete Zenith Carburetor Kit Fits Models: Allis Chalmers U & UC Both with Zenith Carb No. Today, the company is known as Zenith Fuel Systems LLC, with headquarters and a modern manufacturing facility in Bristol. adjust a Bendix carb. For C60 (engine s/n 312390 & later) in Cub and Cub Lo-Boy tractors. Check that the choke is fully shut and that the fast-idle stop screw is clear of the choke linkage. Cleaning The Carburetor Page 15 (Bottom Section) Adjusting the Float Level We recommend that, except in cases of emergency, no attempt be made to change the gasolene level of the Carburetor. I belive that there was a different Zenith model used on the very late model SCs, and I've seen them with a Marvel-Schebler carburetor from time to time (which may have been for the early year models. It was founded in Detroit, Michigan in 1911 as a subsidiary of the French Société du carburateur Zénith. I then measured the distance from the body of the carb to the float. Fits: 801, 901, 4000-4 Cylinder after serial number 126524 This is a Zenith carburetor to replaces Large Bowl Marvel Schebler with large fuel inlet. Call us with any questions 602-850-7399. For the Zenith or Tillotson carburetor. It hasnt been run since last fall, Labor Day festival. The size and type of a Stromberg are given by numbers and letters. For C60 (engine s/n 312390 & later) in Cub and Cub Lo-Boy tractors. (Not too tight…they strip easily) Picture 22 – Index marks. We provide you with a video of both tests. Island Automotion Ltd. The SF Engine Man Ray Bohacz features a modern tool that can help adjust the carburetor on antique tractors. com: Mesa, AZ: 12/19/2019: Zenith Fuel Systems 13859 Bendix Carburetor Zenith Carb Kits: $673. This site is not affiliated with Zenith Corporation. Reluctant to start messing with adjustment knobs. Basic Tuneup, and Adjustment of the Solex 34 PICT/3 Carburetor. Tractor tank must be rusty , I can't see where but that rust came from somewhere! But the fuel might be slow feed to carb. Before you start adjusting your carburetor, remember that no matter how well-tuned it is, it will not make up for bad ignition, wrong spark plugs or incorrectly adjusted engine timing. Tachometer Tuning a Bendix carburetor is a job you can complete in just a few minutes. · Reinstall the three screws that hold the heat mass, but do not tighten yet. com Page 1 of 8 M 12 = Carburetor Removing and Installing Carburetor 1. Remember to open the throttle a little before adjusting the screw inwards each time (this stops it damaging the slide) and then let go the throttle to see if the speed is correct. Zenith Carburetor Adjustment. We are The Worlds Sole Manufacturer of Genuine Zenith, Stromberg and Solex Carburettors and Spares. Zenith Carburetor Cross Reference Guide. orifices are located. The large needle valve screw is the main jet, and the initial setting is 1 1/4 turns open from the fully seated or closed position. New Zenith Carburetor at T. Zenith Electronic LLC created Pro:Idiom, an encryption technology widely used in the hospitality industry for the delivery of digital television signals. 9 pages - 15 MBytes pdf - $5. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Tractor Carburettor Kit Massey Ferguson Zenith 28G Carb Late TEA20 TE20 35 135 at the best online prices at eBay!. It is an old type of Zenith carburetor but in modem Zenith carburetors, economy devices as well as accelerating pumps are also provided. We have carburetor parts for Carter automotive, marine, industrial and agricultural applications. Does not fit air cleaners with wing nut retainers. My 026 pro has the single adjustment screw on the carburetor. The key to getting a Stromberg to work smoothly is in knowing how to adjust the idle mixture screw PROPERLY. [email protected] | Zenith Carburetor Groups. Zenith Fuel Systems Standard Finish 40mm High-Performance Bendix Carb w/Adjustable Main Jet - 014130/CARB Part #: H16113 Mfg Part #: 014130/CARB Limited Time - 10% Off. I have had this tractor since 96 and has been tuned 3 months ago. Welcome to Zenith. There are three adjustments on the carburetor. This is a Carburetor Rebuild Kit for MGB 1975 to 1980, Triumph TR250, TR6 1969 to 1976 and TR7 (not California) with CD175 carburetors, TR8. add to wishlist ; carburetor adjusting needle seat. Zenith Carburetor Cross Reference Guide. Search For Search. Senior Member Joined: 11-March-2007 Location: London, Ontario Status: Offline Points: 331 Topic: Carburetor Adjustment for 302. zip: 13626 kB: 0: ZENITH: Zenith P42W34: ZENITH+H13A02+MX474C. Add to Cart. That should do it. Shop restoration car parts and accessories at Ecklers. Release all spring tension, and operate the throttle lever manually to check for binding or lost motion in the linkage. That is what Mike Riley has accomplished with the Carburetor Shop, Inc. Cross Reference 366-250, 071-116 **Bypass valve kit 64-014A not included**. Fuel filter is clean and ran some spray in carb cleaner. 5 Zenith carburetor: Some service parts for Series 1408, part # 13262 still available but not included in service kit: C54-39-2-27 idle jet tube assembly C63-254 vent tube C66-133 discharge jet C85-129 float C3-132 fuel bowl C29-1593 throttle shaft assembly C21-219 throttle plate C108-294 choke shaft and lever assembly C102-139 choke plate C71-105-34 jet adjustment assembly Overhaul. A Ryobi carburetor needs idle adjustments from time to time. net NEW Troubleshooting guidelines. The Zenith 1 carburetor was made by Zenith, Zenith 2 made by Holley, and Zenith 3 made by Ford. Replace vapor vent valve. 698 Austin 10 Sports 1933 to 36 – Carb Type 30VE1 C. Clark Forklift Carburetor is a device installed in a forklift engine, which regulates the injection of fuel. 99 Set of Intake and Exhaust Valves for Kohler (235838S, 235008S). Voltage: 12 Volts. CARBURETOR REBUILD KITS & FLOATS. Shift Linkage Adjustment Seal Tool Operator's Manual Shop Manual Parts Manual General Specifications Zenith Carburetor Zenith Carb Adjustments Reverse Gear Installation Revised Timing Instructions Rototiller Identification Rototiller Engine Specs 2 stroke oil article More 2 stroke oil Rototiller Model 2 Parts & Instructions Manual ModelsT-2-3. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Tractor Carburettor Kit Massey Ferguson Zenith 28G Carb Late TEA20 TE20 35 135 at the best online prices at eBay!. Kits are priced per carburetor. Complete assembly. The disassembly of a Zenith carburetor should be approached very carefully because this is where many are destroyed beyond repair. I recently downloaded a 13 page 'plain English" Zenith 28 series service manual for $5. Fits Briggs and Stratton Engine models 120XXX, 121XXX, 122XXX, 12EXXX, 12TXXX with primer system. Case Carburetor, New - Zenith carburetor outperforms the original carbs used on: 580, 580CK. Click for larger images. Carburetors that where produced before this time had an externally adjustable jet and cannot use this style of tool. 95 Model # 15-913 : Plastic Parts Kit, Keihin Carburetor, 79-80 XL, 76-80 FX, FL. Carburetor has 40 mm bore with Adjustable main jet Dual cable Throttle. Then I use the thro. xx Float Valve does not seat properly due to dirt, rust or material failure. Zenith carburetor numbers typically appear on a round disk riveted to the top of the carburetor. MGB 1975-80 Zenith-Stromberg Carburetor. About this Manual. Zenith 3 Carburetor Castings. Let engine idle, adjust for best running, adjusting idle speed and mixture. Zenith Carburetor Adjustment. Adjusting a carburettor can provide for richer or leaner air/fuel mixes. Shop our complete selection of Harley-Davidson Motorcycle parts and accessories including the Zenith Fuel Systems Standard Finish 38mm Standard Bendix Carb w/Fixed Main Jet - 013731/CARB. lightguru. add to wishlist ; carburetor adjusting needle seat. · Rotate the heat mass until the index marks on the heat mass and the choke body align, then tighten the three screws. The tractor stall on me, aerating , looking in daylight at the sediments bowl and the bottom has rust in it ,I better get the tank treated at Classic gas tanks and clean this carburetor out. He employs the tractor to adjust newly rebuilt carburetors prior to sending. FOR WISCONSIN MOTOR CORPORATION. Tyler(WA): I have a MF 135 gasoline perkins engine with a bad bendix zenith carburetor. Warranty limited to repair or replacement of any carburetor found to be defective. The piston creates a vacuum (pressure less than atmospheric pressure) by moving downward.